The average American generates about 1,500 pounds of garbage annually, and then spends lots of tax dollars disposing of it. Even as recycling has taken off across the country in recent decades, the volume of all this trash has kept growing — albeit at a slower pace. Since I research how people are using the internet to reuse products, share resources, and generally make more sustainable choices, I decided to see whether Craigslist might be helping to at least slow the pace of solid waste growth.RELATED ARTICLESAre We Recycling Too Much of Our Trash?The Plastics Recycling ChallengeLet’s Mine Our LandfillsSaving Energy by Recycling New to you Craigslist is the best-known website for buying and selling, or simply giving away, used stuff. Others include Freecycle, LetGo, Gumtree, and OLX. Founded by Craig Newmark in 1995 in the San Francisco Bay Area, Craigslist rapidly expanded once internet access became widespread starting in 2000. It now operates in 413 U.S. metro regions the U.S. and the website draws more than 400 million visitors every month, mostly in North America. People in just about all of the nation’s heavily populated areas, including Abilene, Texas; Rockford, Illinois; and Hartford, Connecticut, use Craigslist. But its arrival was staggered. Furniture, clothing, and appliances are the most commonly exchanged items. But it’s also a system for ditching or obtaining everything from diapers to trucks. In a study that I recently described in the journal Management Science, I looked at whether exchanging this stuff keeps it out of landfills and incinerators. Specifically, I checked what happened in California, Florida, Minnesota, North Carolina, and South Carolina, five states with the best annual county-level solid waste data. Using statistical techniques, I contrasted what happened with solid waste rates in counties in those states after they became Craigslist hubs with what was going on in comparable places where it had not arrived yet. I found that the volume of consumer-generated waste declines by 3% to 5% when Craigslist becomes active in an area. I also saw that this effect persisted for at least two or three years once local residents become more apt to reusing furniture, clothing, appliances, and other stuff that they bought through Craigslist. Bigger and better garage sales Craigslist is among the more successful pillars of what is commonly known as the circular economy — that is, efforts to keep products and materials in use for as long as possible. Interestingly, it has counterparts that encourage exchanges and reduce waste within industries and in the business world. 2GoodtoWaste and the Materials Marketplace are two of more popular online industrial reuse marketplaces. The extent and variety of these listings can attract enough buyers to create markets for just about anything, from surplus chemicals to salvaged wood. Craigslist and its business-world equivalents may seem to be nothing more than a gargantuan garage sale with a website. But this model has distinct advantages, as my study showed. The sheer number of listed items and people who list them is massive, boosting the chance that you might find something pretty similar to, if not exactly, what you need. Suvrat Dhanorkar is assistant professor of supply chain management at Pennsylvania State University. This post originally appeared at The Conversation.
(Eds: Updating with fresh inputs)Lisbon, Jun 24 (PTI) Prime Minister Narendra Modi today hailed the contributions of the more than 65,000 Indians in Portugal, saying they were Indias “real ambassadors” and have enriched the culture of the country they have made their home.”Indians have carried their cultural heritage with them and have always been proud of them,” Modi said, addressing diaspora Indians in Lisbon.The prime minister cited the diversity of language and taste in India to point out that Indians can adapt to the culture of the country they live in. “You have effortlessly gelled with the culture of the country you have been,” he said and added that they were the “real ambassadors of India” in Portugal.On relations between India and Portugal, Modi said the country is tied with India in many ways, including through sports. “Who has not heard of Christiano Ronaldo. His name fills every sportsperson in India with energy.”He said Portugal has historical ties with India, but a special one with Gujarat, and went on to narrate the story of Kutch sailor Kanji Malam, who helped the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama discover the sea route from Europe to India in 1497.Kanji Malam had navigated the Portuguese commander to Calicut from Malindi on east African coast.He also highlighted the role Portugal played in furthering the message of Yoga, an ancient Indian spiritual discipline. Modi thanked Portugal Prime Minister Antonio Costa for promoting a wellness movement in Portugal through yoga.Modi talked about his recent meeting with UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, who also the former Prime Minister of Portugal, in Astana and how they bonded to discuss yoga.advertisementDuring his address, Modi briefly talked about his governments economic programmes and Indias space triumphs, including the launch of 30 satellites at one go yesterday.With Costa, the first prime minister of Indian origin in Europe, Modi visited the Radha Krishna Temple in Lisbon.”The temple is the symbol of social conscience in Portugal. People here do not discriminate, and that is the identity of Indians, the diversity of India,” Modi said.Modi is the first Indian prime minister to visit Portugal for a bilateral trip, though Atal Bihari Vajpayee had visited the country but it was for a European Union conference in 2000. PTI ABH NSA AKJ ABH
Brief Score – New Zealand 158/8 (20 overs) against India. De Grandhomme (50), Taylor (42), Krunal (3/28), Khaleel (2/27) (SCORECARD)Daryl Mitchell was given out leg before wicket controversially off the bowling of Krunal Pandya in the sixth over of New Zealand’s innings in the second T20 International against India in Auckland on Friday. Krunal first removed opener Colin Munron off the second ball of the power play before appealing for an LBW decision against Daryl Mitchell.The umpire Chris Brown upheld the appeal against Mitchell. Even as India celebrated the wicket, New Zealand skipper Kane Williamson protested immediately and asked Mitchell to review the decision. It was clear from TV replays that Mitchell had a big inside edge on the bat.Hot spot showed there was an edge as well but all three trackers on the Decision Review System showed red and the ball would have hit middle stump.MS Dhoni was seen having a conversation with Kane Williamson and Rohit Sharma was confused. He had a word with the umpires as well but there was no way the umpires could have retracted their decision. Daryl Mitchell had to walk back to the hut because he had no other option – he could have continued to bat only if Rohit Sharma had called him back. New Zealand also lost their review.New Zealand were visibly dismayed by what happened in the middle.Daryl Mitchel got an inside egde? Oh come on! The bat clearly hit the pad. How else would your explain the snicko? #NZvIND @ICC pic.twitter.com/ZgKHLDAmUJadvertisementFaraz haider (@farazchishti10) February 8, 2019Krunal Pandya struck again in his next over to dismiss Kane Williamson as New Zealand slipped to 50 for 4.Daryl Mitchell would consider himself very unlucky. He had made his T20I debut in the first T20I against India in Wellington on Wednesday and he was superbly caught by Dinesh Karthik near the boundary ropes for 8.On Friday, Mitchell had walked in to join his skipper Kane Williamson after a strong start – New Zealand were poised to take the game away from India early on in their innings but the 27-year-old Mitchell was forced to walk off for 1 off 2 balls after a poor umpiring decision.Also Watch: